Happy Mid-Autumn Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival, for people, is not only a festival of happiness, but also a day for travelers to come back home and get together all the year round.
The shape of Mid-Autumn Festival is round
The moon is round
Missing is round
The family gathered in a circle
On this day of humanity
The company specially prepared the Mid-Autumn Festival gifts
Hope in this month full circle day
With a proper reunion
Send warmth to everyone's heart
The origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival
The origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival
There are many opinions about the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival. The term Mid-Autumn Festival was first seen in "Zhou Li", "Book of Rites·Yue Ling", it said: "In the mid-autumn month, you can nourish senility, and you can eat porridge."
One said that it originated from the sacrificial activities of ancient emperors. The "Book of Rites" records: "The emperor's spring is the sun, the autumn is the moon." Xiyue is the sacrifice to the moon, indicating that as early as the Spring and Autumn Period, the emperor had begun to worship and worship the moon. Later, noble officials and scholars followed suit and gradually spread to the people.
Second, the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival is related to agricultural production. Autumn is the harvest season. The interpretation of the word "autumn" is: "Autumn when crops mature". In the Mid-Autumn Festival in August, crops and various fruits gradually mature. To celebrate the harvest and express joy, farmers use the Mid-Autumn Festival as a holiday. "Mid-Autumn Festival" means the middle of autumn. The eighth month of the lunar calendar is a month in the middle of autumn, and the 15th is a day in the middle of this month. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival may be a custom inherited from the ancients "Autumn News".
Some historians have also pointed out that the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival should be the end of the Sui Dynasty and the Tang army on August 15th, the 13th year of the great cause. Tang Jun Pei Ji used the full moon as a concept and successfully invented moon cakes and distributed them as military salaries. The issue of rations arising from the anti-Sui Yi army.
Moon worship, moon appreciation, moon worship
"The Book of Rites" has long recorded "Autumn Evening and Evening Moon", which means worshipping the moon god. At this time, there is a ceremony to welcome the cold and the moon and set up incense. In the Zhou Dynasty, every Mid-Autumn Festival was held to welcome the cold and celebrate the moon. Set up a big incense table, put on moon cakes, watermelon, apples, red dates, plums, grapes and other sacrifices. Moon cakes and watermelon are absolutely indispensable, and the watermelon must be cut into lotus shapes. Under the moon, place the moon idol in the direction of the moon, with the red candle burning high, and the whole family in turn worship the moon, and then the housewife cuts the reunion moon cakes. The cut person has calculated in advance the total number of people in the whole family. Those at home and in other places must be counted together. You cannot cut more or less, and the size should be the same. Among ethnic minorities, the custom of worshipping the moon is also popular. Sacrificing the moon is not only to express my wish for a better future, but also to entrust my thoughts to the moon. Every time the moon is full, people far away will also miss me.
According to legend, the ugly girl of Qi Kingdom had no salt in the ancient times. When she was a child, she worshipped the moon religiously. When she grew up, she entered the palace with superior morals, but she was not favored. On August 15th of a certain year, the emperor saw her in the moonlight and felt that she was beautiful and outstanding. He later made her a queen, and the Mid-Autumn Festival came to worship the moon. In the middle of the moon, Chang'e is known for her beauty, so the girl worships the moon and wishes "looks like Chang'e, and her face is like a bright moon." On the night of Mid-Autumn Festival, Yunnan Dai people also practice the custom of "worshiping the moon".
The custom of admiring the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival was very popular in the Tang Dynasty, and many poets wrote verses chanting the moon. In the Song Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was more popular for admiring the moon. On this day, "Your family will decorate the table and pavilions, and the people will compete for the restaurant to play the moon." The Ming and Qing courts and the folks’ moon-worshiping activities were on a larger scale. There are many historical sites such as "Moon Worship Altar", "Moon Worship Pavilion", and "Wangyue Tower" in various parts of China. Scholars and doctors have a special liking for watching the moon. They either go upstairs to watch the moon or go boating to invite the moon, drink wine and write poetry, leaving behind many eternal swan songs. For example, Du Fu's "August 15th Night Moon" uses the fifteen bright moon, which symbolizes reunion, to reflect his wandering wandering sorrows in a foreign land; Song Dynasty writer Su Shi, who enjoyed the Mid-Autumn Festival, was drunk and made "Water Tune Song Tou". The clutch. To this day, a family sitting together and admiring the beauty of the moon sky is still one of the indispensable activities of the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is also the longest-spread Mid-Autumn Festival event.
Many lanterns are hung in public places on the Mid-Autumn Festival Moon Night. People gather to guess the riddles written on the lanterns, because it is a favorite activity of most young men and women, and love stories are also spread at these activities, so Mid-Autumn Festival guessing lantern riddle It has also been derived from a form of love between men and women.
The activity of guessing is a test of people’s mental turning speed. Of course, it is also pinning their thoughts on the lantern. Men and women’s guessing is not only a lively atmosphere, but also increased intimacy between the two. After all, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a yearning festival.
Eat moon cakes
Mid-Autumn Festival Moon-watching and eating moon cakes are essential customs for the Mid-Autumn Festival in various parts of China. As the saying goes, "August and 15th are full, and Mid-Autumn moon cakes are fragrant and sweet." The term moon cake originated from the Southern Song Dynasty Wu Zimu's "Meng Liang Lu", which was only a snack food at that time. Later, people gradually combined moon viewing with moon cakes, which meant family reunion and yearning. At the same time, moon cakes are also an important gift for friends to connect with each other during the Mid-Autumn Festival.
In Xiamen, Fujian, there is also the custom of Bobing, and Bobing is listed as a national intangible cultural heritage item.
Legend of Mid-Autumn Festival
In ancient times, there were ten days in the sky at the same time. The crops died from the sun, and the people were not living. A hero named Hou Yi was powerful. He sympathized with the suffering people, opened the bow, shot more than nine suns in one breath, and ordered the last A sun rises and sets on time to benefit the people. Hou Yi's wife was named Chang'e. In addition to art hunting, Hou Yi stays with his wife all day long. Many people with lofty ideals came here to invest in their skills, and Peng Meng, who was not righteous, also mixed in.
One day, Hou Yi went to Kunlun Mountain to visit friends and ask for advice, and asked the Queen Mother for a pack of immortality. It is said that taking this medicine can instantly ascend to heaven and become immortal. However, Hou Yi was reluctant to leave his wife and temporarily handed the elixir to Chang'e Collection. Chang'e hid the medicine in the treasure box on the dressing table. Three days later, Hou Yi led the disciples out to hunt. Peng Meng pretended to be sick and did not go out. Soon after Hou Yi led the crowd to leave, Peng Meng broke into the backyard of the inner house with a sword, threatening Chang'e to hand over the elixir. Chang'e knew that she was not Pengmeng's opponent. When she was in a hurry, she turned and opened the treasure chest, took out the elixir and swallowed it. Chang'e swallowed the medicine and immediately floated off the ground, rushed out of the window, and flew into the sky. Because Chang'e was worried about her husband, she flew to the moon closest to the world and became a fairy.
In the evening, Hou Yi returned home, and the maids cried out what happened during the day. Hou Yi was both frightened and angry. He drew his sword to kill the villain. Peng Meng had already escaped. Hou Yi was pounding his chest and feet with anger. He looked up at the night sky and called Chang'e. At this time, he found that today's moon is particularly bright and bright, and there is a The shaking figure resembles Chang'e. Hou Yi missed his wife, so he sent someone to Chang'e's favorite back garden, put an incense table, and put on Chang'e's favorite honey and fresh fruit, and sacrificed to Chang'e in the moon palace. After hearing the news that Chang'e went to the moon to become a fairy, the people set up incense cases under the moon to pray for good luck and safety to the kind-hearted Chang'e. Since then, the custom of worshipping the moon during the Mid-Autumn Festival spread among the people.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is happy and a symbol of reunion. It is a unique festival to ease the homesickness of wanderers. The employees of Yinxiao Machinery wish you and your family good health and peace and reunion!